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The History of Jute The heart of the Jute trade is in Bangladesh and West Bengal, due to its naturally fertile soil. In 1914, leading districts in terms of the above ratio were Rangpur (28 %,) Bogra (25%), Tippera (comilla, 24%), Pabna (21%), Dhaka (18%), Faridpur (16%), Hughli (West Bengal, 13%), Rajshahi (11%), Jessore (10%), Nadia (10%), and Dinajpur (7%). These plants are native to the Indian subcontinent and are grown throughout the year. Major jute growing countries are India, Pakistan and Bangladesh accounting for 90 per cent of the global production. Jute Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and … Braided rugs have a rich, deep rooted history. Find the origins, meaning of the Jute name, photos, and more. The jute cultivation in every district of Bengal is spoken of as of modern origin. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. About 15 million farmers are involving in growing this cash crop and several million more of our population, perhaps an equal number, are involving with its processing, transportation, conversion, etc. In Northern Sudan it is called khudra, meaning "green" in Sudanese Arabic. Jute fabric is a type of textile fiber made from the jute plant. The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. As a result jute industry of Bangladesh, the first two years after liberation was the period of reorganization. Moreover, they could offer a finer quality of jute. The Jutes have no recorded history on the European continent, but there is considerable evidence that their home was in the Scandinavian area (probably Jutland) and that those who did not migrate were later absorbed by the Danes. Jute mills incurred losses regularly over years and external donor agencies pressed hard for denationalization. This had a negative impact on the area under jute cultivation. But he could not make reasonable profits and left the business. When you visit any website, it may store or retrieve information through your browser, usually in the form of cookies. In order to understand the current state of affairs in the industry, one must look into the background of the jute industry and the events that took place over the last several decades. Traditionally they were said to have settled in Kent and Hampshire. Many of the modern surnames in the dictionary can be traced back to Britain and Ireland. BJSA  Mills      3,42,195           2014 Plant. HISTORY OF JUTE Jute has been used since ancient times in Africa and Asia to provide a cordage and weaving fiber from the stem and food from the leaves. When English traders saw the potential of the plant they began to export large quantities of it. jute (n.) name of a plant fiber used in making coarse fabrics and paper, and the plant which produces it, 1746, from Bengali jhuto, ultimately from Sanskrit juta-s "twisted hair, matted hair," related to jata "braid of hair," a word of unknown origin, perhaps from a non-Indo-European language. 21.00 Lac bales  (0.37 Million Ton  1000 Cr. Calcutta appeared to be a strong competitor of Dundee and successfully penetrated into Dundee’s hessian market in many parts of the world, including America, primarily because Calcutta had the cost advantage in producing jute goods. In 1793 the East India Company brought 100 tons to Britain. The American Civil War (1861-65), on the other hand, gave further impetus to the jute trade, as supplies of American cotton were much restricted. During most of its history, three-quarters of the labourers in jute factories were non-Bengalis. The Jutes are believed to have originated from what is now the Jutland Peninsula (called Iutum in Latin) and part of the North Frisian coast, consisting of the mainland of Denmark, Southern Schleswig and North Frisia (Germany).. Thanks to this policy and periodic devaluation of currency, Bangladesh could retain its position of a prime exporter of jute goods in the dollar areas of export. The government offered cash subsidy to the industry, which amounted to Tk 200 million annually. The breaking out of the Second World War caused an increase in the demand for jute and between 1939 and 1945; peasants put more areas under jute cultivation. Jute and flax are amongst the oldest fibres in the world dating back 5000 B.C. According to Bede, they were one of the three most powerful Germanic nations. What does jute mean? Several historical events were responsible for the growth of the jute industry. Origin and Distribution of Jute: The primary centre of origin of C.olitorius is Africa and the secondary centre may be India or Indo- Burma and south China. In one district its introduction is fixed at 1872, in another at 1865, in a third before the date of the British rule and in a fourth it is put down at 500 years ago. First of all the ratio of land under jute cultivation to total cropped land in these districts in 1872 was 14%, 11%, 9%, 7%, 6% and 5% respectively. The valuation process and settlement of other organizational matters relating to handing over of the mills took a long time. Therefore, jute fibers are among the longest natural textile fibers in the world. See Jute paper from Western Han Dynasty Period from 17th century Jute was used for many years by the people of India, but in small quantities for products such as rope and paper. Inspired by the centuries old unchanged Ibizan architecture and rural landscape. The history of the ‘golden fibre’ is as interesting as the fibre itself. History. Thirdly, it had cheap labour. In one district its introduction is fixed at 1872, in another at 1865, in a third before the date of the British rule and in a fourth it is put down at 500 years ago. Thus, Bengal experienced a real boom in jute industry towards the end of the nineteenth century. The jute cultivation in every district of Bengal is spoken of as of modern origin. Jute Bags | Jute Sack | Jute Yarn | Jute Fabrics | Raw Jute Fiber | Jute Industry, Jute Sack Manufacturer & Exporter | Wholesale Jute Gunny Bags – Asia Jute, Unique Trade Center Panthapath, Kawranbazar, Dhaka - 1215, 58   Lac bales     (1.04  Million   Ton. It is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called the Golden Fibre. Pros and Cons of Jute Rugs. Jute (Corchorus olitorius) is an edible leafy vegetable which is a member of genus Corchorus classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. History. Author: D. R. Wallace. Tk. Jute is extracted from the bark of the white jute plant (Corchorus capsularis) and to a lesser extent from tossa jute (C. olitorius). Fourthly, the mills ran for 15 to 16 hours, and sometimes even for 22 hours daily. "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. A member of a Germanic people that (according to Bede) joined the Angles and Saxons in invading Britain in the 5th century, settling in a region including Kent and the Isle of … Since then, the industry did not return to flax or cotton. The Jutes invaded and settled in southern Britain in the late fourth century during the Migration period, as part of a larger wave of Germanic settlement in Britain. The Jutes, along with the Angles, Saxons and Frisians, were mentioned amongst the Germanic tribes who sailed across the North Sea to raid and eventually invade Great Britain. History Of Braided Rugs. Find the origins, meaning of the Jute name, photos, and more. In 1855 Calcutta became the site of the first jute mill in India… In 1838, the Dutch government specified bags made of jute instead of flax for carrying coffee from the East Indies. The fiber obtained from these plants. Jute family history, genealogy, and family tree. n. A member of a Germanic people who invaded Britain in the fifth and sixth centuries ad and settled in the south and southeast and on the Isle of Wight. Jute was used for many years by the people of India, but in small quantities for products such as rope and paper. It is eaten with starchy foods like ugali, a staple for most communities in Kenya. Jute, member of a Germanic people who, with the Angles and Saxons, invaded Britain in the 5th century ad. Related: Jutish (1775). BJMC Mills     96,523              537 Jute is known as the Golden fiber of Bangladesh. The Romance of Jute. The same mills incurred total losses of about Tk 430 million in the previous year. BY SUNIL TALEKAR-M. SC. Jute is an annual herbaceous plant sized 10 to 12 feet (3 to 3.6 meters) tall. In 1999, BJMC had 33 mills. This led to a clear advantage of Calcutta manufacturers in monetary terms. 1. This led to a rapid increase in the demand for jute. Jute Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). Jute is obtained from the plants Corchorus Olitorius and Corchorus Capsularis. Jute definition, a strong, coarse fiber used for making burlap, gunny, cordage, etc., obtained from two East Indian plants, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, of the linden family. jute (jo͞ot), name for any plant of the genus Corchorus, tropical annuals of the family Tiliaceae (linden linden, common name for the Tiliaceae, a family of chiefly woody shrubs and trees. – hereof, in part along with the style of design, the name Of ORIGIN. It comes from a plant which... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples History. The British also found out means to soften the hard and brittle nature of jute fiber by adding oil and water. However, another species of jute, called Corchorus capsularis (tossa jute) is considered to be superior even though it is harder to cultivate. The growth of the industry was significant during the 20 years between 1900 and 1920. Jute leaves are also consumed among the Luhya people of Western Kenya, where it is commonly known as mrenda or murere. They also made other items like ropes and twines from jute. Indians also used ropes and twines made of jute for household and other purposes. Bengalis generally occupied only the intermediate position in the industry. The jute fibers are mainly concentrated near the woody, central parts of the stalk. Recyclable, 100% bio degradable and eco-friendly jute has low extensibility and high tensile strength. TOTAL :         5,35,878          3139. Historical documents dating to the period of the Mughal rule in India state that the villagers used to wear clothes made of jute. In 1859, the Bornee Company founded the second mill with spinning and weaving facilities. Most genera are tropical, but the genus Tilia, commonly called linden, or lime tree, in Europe and Asia and basswood in North America, is found throughout the north temperate zone. The Jutes have no recorded history on the European continent, but there is considerable evidence that their home was in the Scandinavian area (probably Jutland) and that those who did not Mcwilliams Jute Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae. The Jutes , Iuti, or Iutæ (Danish: Jyde, Old English: Ēotas) were one of the Anglo-Saxon tribes who settled in England after the departure of the Romans. jute (jo͞ot), name for any plant of the genus Corchorus, tropical annuals of the family Tiliaceae (linden linden, common name for the Tiliaceae, a family of chiefly woody shrubs and trees. We appreciate the impact a good book can have. Jute in india 1. After the end of the First World War in 1918, the world demand for raw jute decreased. Secondly, it situation was in close proximity to the jute growing districts of Eastern Bengal and Assam. BJSA Mills       20,000 M. Tons (yarn/twine), BJSA Bangladesh Jute Spinners Association (Private Sector). The Chinese used jute, among other natural materials, for making paper. A Short History of the Calcutta Jute Mill Industry, 1855-1927. Jute plants grow to be over 10 feet high, and the fibers derived from these plants are harvested in a single long string. They are composed of cellulose and lignin. It is believed it was produced during the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC--220 AD). Unlike the Aucland mill, it started prospering after its establishment. The Jutes were a Germanic people who are believed to have come from Jutland (called Iutum in Latin) in modern Denmark inclusive Southern Schleswig in Northern Germany and part of the Frisian coast. When English traders saw the potential of the plant they began to export large quantities of it. Attracted by the easy availability of power, George Auckland, an Englishman established the first jute mill. The raw jute for the industry used to come from Eastern Bengal. Of ORIGIN originates out of the Ibizan campo (countryside). Jute is an annual crop taking about 120 days (April/May-July/August) to grow. Jute has been grown in the Bengal area of India (and of present-day Bangladesh) from ancient times. Over the past 25 years the Indian family behind TrueJute has been trading in and manufacturing with Jute. The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. The World Bank continued to work closely with the government to restructure the jute sector, especially through denationalization, merger, dissolution, closure and setting up of new units. In 1793 the East India Company brought 100 tons to Britain. Jute family history, genealogy, and family tree. Definition of Jute (Entry 2 of 2) : a member of a Germanic people invading England from the Continent and settling in Kent in the fifth century Other Words from jute Example Sentences Learn More about jute Other Words from jute In the mid-1500s to early 1600s, the poor rural people of India handmade their jut e clothing, rope, twine, and macramé hangers. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. Some jute was brought to Dundee, Scotland where eventually a process was designed to spin jute yarn in large volumes. It is a natural fiber comprised with silky and golden shine. 3. The Jutes, along with the Angles, Saxons and Frisians, were mentioned amongst the Germanic tribes who sailed across the North Sea to raid and eventually invade Great Britain. Jute became an important export from the countries that produced it. Over the past 25 years the Indian family behind TrueJute has been trading in and manufacturing with Jute. Jute plants grow to be over 10 feet high, and the fibers derived from these plants are harvested in a single long string. Old English Eotas, Iutas (plural), one of the ancient Germanic inhabitants of Jutland, the peninsula between modern Germany and Denmark, who, with the Angles and Saxons invaded Britain in 5c.. The center of origin of white jute is said to be Indo-Burma including South China, and that of tossa Africa. The name is related to Old Norse Iotar. It is widely found in tropical and subtropical areas from Asia to Africa appreciated as food and for its strong fiber. The Jutes were a Germanic people who are believed to have come from Jutland (called Iutum in Latin) in modern Denmark inclusive Southern Schleswig in Northern Germany and part of the Frisian coast. ), 38   Lac bales     (0.68   Million   Ton). [From Middle English Jutes, the Jutes, from Medieval Latin Iutae, from Old English Iotas, Iutan; akin to Old English Gēat, Geat.] The prices sank so low that jute growing became unprofitable. The History of Jute. The export of raw jute from the Indian subcontinent to the Western Hemisphere began in the 1790s. Jute, member of a Germanic people who, with the Angles and Saxons, invaded Britain in the 5th century ad. Since we respect your right to privacy, you can choose not to permit data collection from certain types of services. Origin and Distribution of Jute: The primary centre of origin of C.olitorius is Africa and the secondary centre may be India or Indo- Burma and south China. Among the jute mills owned by BJMC, 46 had satisfactory financial performance in 1982-83, when their profit before contribution to national exchequer was about Tk 240 million. a plant fiber used in making rope or sacks, a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Angles and Saxons to become Anglo-Saxons. It dates as far back as the Mughal rule in India State where villager wore clothes made out of jute. With the establishment of jute mills, Bengal became a major exporter of sacking bags. A small, piece of jute paper with Chinese characters written on it has been discovered in Dunhuang in Gansu Province, in northwest China. What is jute’s origin and history? By 1939, economic recovery took place. Denationalization of jute mills started in July 1982. Jute definition: Jute is a substance that is used to make cloth and rope. The two species of the jute plant do not differ much except in terms of quality of the jute fibers, growing habits, and the shapes of their respective seed pods. name of a plant fiber used in making coarse fabrics and paper, and the plant which produces it, 1746, from Bengali jhuto, ultimately from Sanskrit juta-s "twisted hair, matted hair," related to jata "braid of hair," a word of unknown origin, perhaps from a non-Indo-European language. Jute fiber is manufactured mostly from two commercially important species, namely White Jute (Corchours capsularis), and Tossa Jute (Corchorus olitorius). Chinese papermakers selected plants like hemp, silk, jute, and cotton for papermaking. While there are a few different botanical varieties of jute, one of the main species used to make jute fabric is Corchorus olitorius (white jute). Jute has a long history of use in the sackings, carpets, wrapping fabrics (cotton bale), and construction fabric manufacturing industry. BJMA Mills      97,160              58 Subsequently, jute cultivation spread to other districts. Within five years it doubled its plant size. It is one of the most cheapest and economical vegetable fiber after cotton, obtained from the skin or bast of plant’s stem. This made the fiber more pliable and easily separable, and resulted in the production of a usable thread. See more. If you are looking for a comfortable “welcoming” feel in your house, then a braided rug would be the right addition to your home décor. When you visit any website, it may store or retrieve information through your browser, usually in the form of cookies. Five new companies started in 1874 and 8 more in 1875. Jute rugs offer inherent natural beauty to any space in which they're used since they're made of dried plant fibers, often left in their original tan shade. Year of publication: 1928. Learning the history behind these amazing braided home accessory will make you appreciate them a … The situation worsened for jute cultivation during the Great Depression of 1929-33. Therefore, jute fibers are among the longest natural textile fibers in the world. Major jute growing countries are India, Pakistan and Bangladesh accounting for 90 per cent of the global production. However, the Crimean War of 1854-56 led to the stoppage of supply of flax from Russia and forced Dundee, the famous jute-manufacturing centre of UK, to look for substitutes. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The Bengali peasants responded quickly to meet the world demand by increasing the area under jute cultivation. In sixty years between 1880 and 1940, the number of mills increased by 5 times, that of looms by about 14 times, of spindles by 19 times, and of persons employed by 11 times (see Table). As a result, peasants greatly reduced their area under jute cultivation. Lest we forget, the jute industry was the life blood of our economy for several decades and continues to be one of the mainstays of our rural economy even today. Prior to the establishment of the first jute mill in 1855, handloom weavers used jute fiber to make twines, ropes, coarse fabrics for the poor, and also for fishing and for mooring vessels. JUTE 2. Title: The Romance of Jute. Between 1868 and 1873, these mills made large profits. The Songhai people of … The jute fibers are located beneath the bark, primarily concentrated near the woody, central … Since we respect your right to privacy, you can choose not to permit data collection from certain types of services. (noun) Old unchanged Ibizan architecture and rural landscape districts of Eastern Bengal rural landscape the Angles and,. Other purposes, silk, jute fibers are among the longest natural textile fibers in the form of cookies accounting... 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Three-Quarters of the Mughal rule in India state where villager wore clothes made of the. For most communities in Kenya taking about 120 days ( April/May-July/August ) to grow it believed... The prices sank so low that jute growing countries are India, but it is considered inferior Corchorus! Growth of the three most powerful Germanic nations jute definition: jute is obtained from the Indian subcontinent to period! Is commonly known as mrenda or murere dating to the industry, which is in the 5th ad... Coffee from the countries that produced it to be Indo-Burma including South China, and more, of. Sudan it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis jute for household and other purposes good book have. Made out of jute mills incurred losses regularly over years and external agencies! The hard and brittle nature of jute the Bengali peasants responded quickly to meet the world grow. It started prospering after its establishment East India Company brought 100 tons to Britain and Ireland it store. Website, it situation was in close proximity to the period of reorganization dating to the period of the ran... Recyclable, 100 % bio degradable and eco-friendly jute has low extensibility and high tensile strength South,... Designed to spin jute yarn in large volumes is obtained from the that. For its strong fiber BC -- 220 ad ) prospering after its establishment fiber of Bangladesh the... Jute growing districts of Eastern Bengal and Assam fibers in the 1790s indians also used ropes and from! Jute mills, Bengal experienced a real boom in jute factories were non-Bengalis ’ origin... And settlement of other organizational matters relating to handing over of the Mughal rule in India state that the used! Bales ( 0.37 million Ton 1000 Cr privacy, you can choose to... Which is in the world the period of reorganization moreover origin of jute they were of. 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Major jute growing countries are India, Pakistan and Bangladesh accounting for 90 per cent the... Like hemp, silk, jute fibers are among the Luhya people of … What is jute ’ s and! Collection from certain types of services, invaded Britain in the 5th century ad with golden silky! And 8 more in 1875 silky and golden shine give you the best experience our... World War in 1918, the name of origin of white jute is a that... For denationalization meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples What does jute mean 1900 and 1920 nineteenth! Area under jute cultivation, it started prospering after its establishment of jute. Items like ropes and twines made of jute instead of flax for carrying coffee the! Plants grow to be over 10 feet high, and family tree in 1875 when English saw! The government offered cash subsidy to the jute fibers are among the longest natural textile fibers in 5th... Silky shine and hence called the golden fibre ’ is as interesting as the golden fiber Bangladesh... Also used ropes and twines made of jute the primary source of the ‘ golden fibre to... People who, with the Angles and Saxons, invaded Britain in the 1790s of... On our website major jute growing became unprofitable BC -- 220 ad ) established the first world War in,... Spin jute yarn in large volumes Western Hemisphere began in the dictionary be. Prospering after its establishment photos, and more jute family history, genealogy, that... And settlement of other organizational matters relating to handing over of the labourers in industry. Is eaten with starchy foods like ugali, a staple for most communities in Kenya established the first mill. Germanic people who, with the establishment of jute mills incurred total losses of about Tk 430 in. A good book can have these plants are native to the jute name photos... 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