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This is the third part of a three-part series. Paul would not be impressed with the professed Christian that everybody must tip-toe around or is easily offended. They should remember their common relation to Christ and to his church” (Erdman p. 133). Philippians 4:1 "Therefore, my brethren dearly beloved and longed for, my joy and crown, so stand fast in the Lord, [my] dearly beloved." be of the same mind. Closing Appeal for Steadfastness and Unity. . In the Lord - the element of Christian union: for those "in the Lord" to be at variance is an utter inconsistency. “Therefore”, concludes that the recipients should stand fast, or “persevere,” in the relationship with Christ. Possibly it was by using their influence to bring others to hear him when he was at Philippi, and by urging them to respond; possibly it was by helping to finance his work; or possibly it was by using their influence with the authorities. Schinz says: “In such a pure church, even slight bickerings would make a great impression.” Paul begs each of them individually, wanting to treat each one exactly the same. Lydia was the first convert, and her house became a meeting place (Acts ch 16).These two Philippian women had a difference of opinion, and we see in them the slight dissension which Paul hints at in places. The specific passage is Philippians 4:6-7 (New International Version), which states: Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. Philippians 4:2–3. that they be of the same mind in the Lord. that they be of the same mind in the Lord; either that they agree together, and be reconciled to each other, considering the relation they stood in to one another, and to the Lord; or that they become of the same mind, and embrace the same truths, and profess and maintain the same principles the church did; and so the Arabic version renders it, "that ye entertain one and the same opinion concerning the faith of the Lord". Lit, mind (Greek. From the whole tone of this Letter, it cannot have gotten seriously out of hand as yet. “Euodia”: The name is a woman’s name. In Macedonia monuments were erected to women by public bodies, and in Macedonian inscriptions records of male proper names are found formed on the mother's name instead of the father's. Although our instinctive reflex is to suppress and deny conflict, Paul lovingly brings it into the open where it can be resolved. 4:2-9 Let believers be of one mind, and ready to help each other. Not allowing the Judaizers, perfectionists or … Philippians 2:3(NASB) Verse Thoughts. Philippians 4:2. However, little is known about most of them. The repetition of perhaps hints that Paul wishes to treat each of them alike. Macedonian women were given an unusual amount of freedom. . Paul is particularly concerned with an … Women were more than usually active in the Philippian church. Were Euodia and Syntyche squabbling? In chapter 4, … εὐοδίαν παρακαλῶ, καὶ συντύχην παρακαλῶ, τὸ αὐτὸ φρονεῖν ἐν κυρίῳ—“Euodia I exhort and Syntyche I exhort to be of one mind in the Lord.” That these are the Greek names of women is plain from the feminine pronouns of the following verse, to which they are the antecedents. Note how prominent ‘the Lord’ is in the passage (Philippians 4:1-2; Philippians 4:4-5; Philippians 4:10). While the text mentions both Paul and Timothy as the senders of the letter to the Philippians, the authorship is undoubtedly reserved specifically for Paul.10 Paul was born in Tarsus in Cilicia into a family which apparently maintained a large measure of their Jewish faith and way of life despite their Gentile environment. Euodia (Greek Εὐοδία, meaning unclear, but possibly "sweet fragrance" or "prosperous journey") and Syntyche (Συντύχη, "fortunate," literally "with fate") are people mentioned in the New Testament.They were female members of the church in Philippi, and according to the text of Philippians 4: 2-3, they were involved in a disagreement together. Euodias, and-Syntyche; two Christian women at Philippi. 7 And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Paul's advice is to focus on our ability to rejoice in our fellowship with Christ. Philippians 4:2 Translation & Meaning. Let us seek to give assurance that our names are written in the book of life. Paul exhorted both Christians. critics reached in a former generation, by supposing that these names represent two heathen-Christian parties, the one Greek, the other Roman.]. [Hitzig, Zur Kritik Paulin. Summary. It does not seem to have been any difference in creed or practice, and wholly groundless is the hypothesis of Baur and Schwegler, that the names represent two parties in the church at Philippi-Euodia the Jewish, and Syntyche the heathen party. Macedonian women were permitted to hold property. If then, remembering this, they seek to their Master for aid, the unity of spirit will be bestowed. That"s why Jesus stressed reconciliation to a brother, as coming ahead of even worship (Matthew 5:23-24). [Note: See A. Boyd Luter, "Partnership in the Gospel: The Role of Women in the Church at Philippi," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society39:3 (September1996):411-20.]. Each man must in a measure look at his own things, - the καί implies that; but he must consider others if he is a Christian indeed. Pauland Silas, with Timothy and Luke, established the church there after theycrossed from Asia into Europe (Acts 16:12-40). A diagram/chart is provided that gives detail of the first five steps to find God's peace. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians and Philippians, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Text and Manuscripts of the New Testament. 2. Philippians 4:2–9 is Paul's appeal to the Philippian Christians regarding how they handle disagreements within the church. The ways such a "mindset" takes feet is by humbly "looking out for the interests of others" within the believing community ( Philippians 2:3-4)." Lft[19]. The Lord is at hand. Let us seek to give assurance that our names are written in the book of life. He repeats "I beseech," as if he would admonish each separately with impartiality, both being equally to blame. These women ... labored with me in the gospel ... that they be of the same mind in the Lord, Εὐωδίαν παρακαλῶ καὶ Συντύχην παρακαλῶ, αἰνίττεται δὲ ὡς ἔριν τινὰ πρὸς ἀλλήλας ἐχούσας. ., p392.]. The language is such as would properly relate to any difference. Sadly, however, these two appear to have been causing a certain amount of friction (although not serious division), and so Paul calls on them to share the mind of the Lord, as in Philippians 2:5. (2) He also calls on some by name, partly because they needed private exhortation, and partly also to stir up others to be more prompt and ready. 2.I exhort Euodias and Syntyche It is an almost universally received opinion that Paul was desirous to settle a quarrel, I know not of what sort, between those two women. Macedonian women were given an unusual amount of freedom. [Note: Fee, Paul"s Letter . Biogr. He gives with his exhortation both the reason for following it, and the means whereby it may be fully followed. Philippians 4:8-9: Finding the Peace of God – a Life Commentary shares here the second part Philippians 4:8-9 with diagrams – a way to overcome worry. Philippians 4:2. Paul names the specific individuals. But these verses resonate squarely with the appeal to unity (“be of the same mind,” 4:2, compare to 2:2) that runs throughout the letter (1:27; 2:1-4, 14). Then they will be united in humility and love. Philippians 4:2-9 - Understand the meaning of Philippians 4:2-9 with Christian Bible study, teaching, sermons, and commentary search on hokma.com. Philippians 4:1-7: The Peace of God – a Life Commentary discusses how to find the Peace of God from Philippians 4:1-7. St. John Chrysostom, Theodoret, and many others, think that these were two ladies particularly famous in the Church at Philippi, for their virtue and good works. He is Lord over all. Other less acceptable identifications are that they were two men (Theodore of Mopsuestia) or that they were symbols of Jewish and Gentile Christians (the Tbingen school). He, as it were, calls each of them to his side (parakaleo - to call alongside) in his earnest appeal to them, seeking to direct their minds firmly on the Lord so that they may be of one mind with Him (Philippians 2:5). We can compare the influence of Lydia (Acts 16:1-15). When believers fix their gaze on Christ, the smaller concerns, by which the church must ever be surrounded in this life, sink down to their proper level, far below the life in Christ, and are seen not to be worthy of consideration, if they are to cause a rending of the oneness of the church, which is Christ’s witness on earth. See his Philippians, p. 56, notes 2, 3, where he quotes Inscrr[20]., in some of which a metronymic takes the place of the patronymic, while others record monuments erected in honour of women by public bodies. Compare Romans 12:16. Philippians 4:2–3, Part 1: How Pervasive Is Paul’s Concern with Conflict in the Church? When you develop eyes to see these repetitions, new layers of meaning will open up throughout the Bible, and Philippians is no exception. The verb φρονέω to be minded, occurs eleven times in this epistle, and but seventeen times in the rest of the New Testament. Indeed wealthy and influential Christian women contributed much to the respectability and success of the church in the early days, often making available a large house at which the church could meet. Their own bad attitude had already accomplished that much. It appears, from the testimony which he gives in their favor, that they were very excellent women; for he assigns to them so much honor as to call them fellow-soldiers in the gospel (211). Of Euodia and Syntyche nothing is known. In the Old Testament ‘the Lord’ was YHWH. The addition of "in the Lord" would remind them that they were under His authority and had much in common as sisters in Christ. "For the Pauline letters, this is a remarkable moment indeed, since Paul does here what he seldom does elsewhere in "conflict" settings-he names names.". At all events, they had laboured in the gospel with earnestness and success. The Athenian law prescribed that everything that a man might do by the consent or request of a woman should be null in law. ., p389. Philippians 4:4 “Rejoice in the Lord always: again I will say, Rejoice”. 4:4-7. Philippians 4:2-3 may seem like a random shout-out to random people. The Inscr. that they be of the same mind in the Lord. Pronounced “SIN tih keh”, and the name means “fortunate”, “happy chance” or “good luck”. In the Lord - In their Christian walk and plans. The counsel given to all in. What it was all about, we have no way of knowing. The cause of quarrel might be some unworthy question about priority or privilege even in the prosecution of the good work-vainglory leading to strife, as already hinted by the apostle toward the commencement of the second chapter. phroneo, as in Philippians 2:2) the same thing. Context Summary. Or, has Paul’s exhortation in Philippians 4:2 activated the sexist bias within the guild of New Testament scholars? For every combination will inevitably be accursed, if apart from the Lord, and, on the other hand, nothing is so disjoined, but that it ought to be reunited in Christ. Working hard for God does not excuse a bad attitude toward our brethren. ], "Having "the same mindset in the Lord" has been specifically spelled out in the preceding paradigmatic narratives, where Christ ( Philippians 2:6-11) has humbled himself by taking the "form of a slave" and thus becoming obedient unto death on a cross, and Paul ( Philippians 3:4-14) has expressed his longing to know Christ, especially through participation in his sufferings so as to be conformed into the same cruciform lifestyle. The same call comes to us. They were doubtless professing Christians, and the apostle exhorts them to make the Lord the great object of their affections, and in their regard for him, to bury all their petty differences and animosities. Euodias is incorrect, the name being feminine, Euodia. This verse gives clear direction and offers genuine hope to the believer in Christ. [Note: See A. Boyd Luter, "Partnership in the Gospel: The Role of Women in the Church at Philippi," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society39:3 (September1996):411-20. Paul visited Philippi again onhis third journey (Acts 20:1-6). God expects both parties to seek reconciliation (Matthew 5:23-24). Notice that they are two sincere Christian ladies, they labored with Paul for the gospel. Some critics are of opinion that Syntyche was a man. 2 I plead with Euodia and I plead with Syntyche to be of the same mind in the Lord. Thus for these two women to be prominent in the church should come as no surprise in such an environment. What does this verse really mean? As a *Roman *colony, itscitizens possessed the same rights and laws as those who lived in Italy. of Christ. Obviously, it was not a disagreement concerning some essential point of doctrine, for the apostles had no tolerance for the false teacher (2 John 1:9-11; Galatians 1:6-9; Revelation 2:20). Brr., p. 5 ff., exemplifies the pitch of absurdity which N.T. When we come to an expression like this, “Rejoice in the Lord always. says: “In such a pure church, even slight bickerings would make a great impression.” Paul begs each of them individually, wanting to treat each one exactly the same. Syntyche means happy chance. For the prominence of women generally in the Pauline Churches, Cf. It was to the women especially that the first preaching at the proseucha in Philippi was addressed (Acts 16:13-14), and a woman is the first Christian convert mentioned there, the first-fruits of apostolic labour in Europe. (Philippians 4:2.) Many strange attempts have been made to find symbolism in these names. Question: "What is the meaning of Philippians 4:6?" This should be Euodia (feminine). It confirms Him as the One to Whom every knee will bow, and of Whom every tongue will confess that He is the LORD YHWH (Philippians 2:10-11). 4:2–9). That they be of the same mind in the Lord; I beseech Enodias, and beseech Syntyche, that they be of the same mind in the Lord, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. CONCLUDING EXHORTATIONS, Philippians 4:2-9. . Agreeing in the Lord with other believers does not necessarily mean that we concur on every secondary or tertiary matter. His love now spills over in his exhortation to two women who were clearly prominent in the church. is spurious). Repetition in Philippians. of Larissa, where a woman’s name occurs among the winners in the horse-races (see Introduction). Differences among Christians, especially in religious matters, are a great hinderance to the gospel, and should as soon as practicable be healed. Paul urged each of these two women individually, perhaps so neither would feel that responsibility for healing the breach lay with the other. It does mean, however, that we recognize other believers as true brothers and sisters in Christ when we agree on gospel essentials. “Be happy in the Lord always” (Beck). They are ‘in the Lord,’ servants of the same Master, baptized in the same name, and striving for the same object. Philippians 4:2–9 is Paul's appeal to the Philippian Christians regarding how they handle disagreements within the church. has collected valuable evidence to show the superior position occupied by women in Macedonia. аимной любви, гармонии и мира между верующими. "For the Pauline letters, this is a remarkable moment indeed, since Paul does here what he seldom does elsewhere in "conflict" settings-he names names." ‘I exhort Euodia, and I exhort Syntyche, to be of the same mind in the Lord.’. 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